What’s 年度 (Nendo) ?

In Japan, the year is expressed in a special way.

Normally, Year refers to the calendar year, from January 1 to December 31, but this Nendo has a different definition.

You know “fiscal year”, “school year”, don’t you?

Each year is different from the calendar year.

In Japan, if you just say “Nendo”, it usually means 1st of April to 31st of March.

In the Japanese school system, the new term begins in April and ends in March the following year. Also, most companies have fiscal years as

But why?

The reason is the national fiscal year in Japan. Its period is April to March. So, if you say just Nendo, it is considered as its period.